Many may have forgotten the days of scheduled power outages often mentioned in notices as the same is for the purpose of “Load Shedding”. Although technically the term load shedding is used a describe a way to distribute demand for electrical power across multiple power sources and to relieve stress on a primary energy source when demand for electricity is greater than the primary power source can supply, in the absence of an alternate power source the only options available to us were inverters or the darkness. The domestic electric consumption in India has been growing year on year and while implementation of alternate sources of power generation and new technologies for generation and storage of energy are evolving rapidly, has the abundance of cheap and continuous supply of power desensitized the domestic community towards the national and global mission of energy conservation? Do we understand the Watt Problem?
Being the 3rd largest producer of electricity in the world, India has significantly invested in the national power grid over the last decade to increase its yearly power output from 10,56,838 GWh to 15,73,187 GWh – More than 50 % growth during the past decade, and over the same time period the percentage share of renewable energy to the total energy produced in the country has increased from 17.1 % to almost 19%. The argument that developing countries like India will find it difficult to grow steadily by shifting majority of its power source from fossil fuels to usage of green energy and efficiency is portrayed by the statistics that in India mandatory energy efficiency government policies only cover 8 % of the energy used whereas 35% is the global standard. Nevertheless, under the bracket of developing countries India has planned for more initiatives, plans and proposals towards green energy and conservation and according to statistics the percentage of renewable energy to total energy produced in India is the highest among the developing nations and south Asian countries. While already crossing the global standard for access to electricity and nearing 100% access to electricity for every Indian, it is also fundamental for us to understand the necessity of conservation.